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你问我答学龙8娱乐官网手机版下载安装(MP3+双语字幕)第115期:throwaway society 抛弃型社会

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Hello Ali. Thank you for your question concerning the phrase 'a throwaway society',
你好,阿里。感谢你有关短语'a throwaway society'的问题,
which is a term that we frequently hear these days, particularly in newspapers.
这是一个我们现如今经常听到的术语,特别是在报纸中。
To throw something away means to get rid of something, to dispose of something that you do not want or need.
To throw something away指的是清除某些东西,处理一些你不想要或不需要的东西。
It means that you do not keep something. Every day we throw things away,
其含义是不留下某些东西。每天我们都会扔掉一些东西,
things such as sweet wrappers after we have eaten the sweet, or paper cups after we have drunk our coffee.
比如说我们吃完甜食之后的糖纸,或者是我们喝完咖啡后的纸杯。
Or, we might throw something away which is broken and which cannot be repaired.
或者,我们也会扔掉一些坏了的、不能被修复的东西。
So, what does 'a throwaway society' mean?
那么,'a throwaway society'是什么意思呢?
Well, it doesn't mean that we throw the society away, as if it were waste paper.
它的意思不是指我们扔掉的社会,就像废报纸一样。
Instead, it describes a society in which people do not keep things for very long, even if those things still work or are still useful.
它指的是这样的一个社会:人们不会把东西保存很长时间,即使这些东西仍然有效或者仍然有用。
throwaway society 抛弃型社会This is a type of behaviour that is present in many modern consumer societies in developed countries.
这是在发达国家中的大多数现代消费社会中存在的一种行为。
For example, someone might buy a new shirt and wear it only a few times before throwing it away and buying a new one,
举个例子,某人会买一件新衬衫,但是在扔掉它、买一件新的之前只穿几次,
even though the old one was still in good condition.
即使旧的这件还很好。
Or, if someone's television breaks, they throw it away and buy a new one, rather than getting the old one repaired.
或者,如果某人的电视坏了,他们就会扔掉它,并买一台新的,而不是修一下之前的这台。
The strange thing about many products that are produced these days is that they are not made to last for a long time,
最近生产出来的很多产品,它们的奇怪之处在于,它们并不是为了长久使用而生产的,
and this only encourages the throwaway society to keep throwing things away.
而这一点就鼓励了抛弃型社会将东西扔掉。
Importantly, the term 'throwaway society' has a slightly negative connotation, or meaning.
重要的是,'throwaway society'这个术语有一点消极的内涵,或意义。
When you describe a society as a throwaway society, you are probably criticising that behaviour, or showing your disapproval.
当你讲一个社会描述为抛弃型社会时,你可能是在批判这种行为,或是表达你的不认同。
Nowadays, when people should be trying to waste less in order to save the environment and its resources,
现如今,人们应当试着减少浪费,以此来挽救环境及其资源,
a throwaway society is certainly not a useful thing, which makes me think that we should indeed throw such behaviour away.
而抛弃型社会显然是个没有什么用的东西,这让我觉得,我们真的应该抛弃这种行为。
What do you think, Ali?
你是怎么想的呢,阿里?
重点单词   查看全部解释    
dispose [di'spəuz]
想一想再看
vt. 倾向于,处置
vi. 销毁
联想记忆
disapproval [.disə'pru:vəl]
想一想再看
n. 不赞成
联想记忆
environment [in'vaiərənmənt]
想一想再看
n. 环境,外界
 
describe [dis'kraib]
想一想再看
vt. 描述,画(尤指几何图形),说成
联想记忆
slightly ['slaitli]
想一想再看
adv. 些微地,苗条地
 
phrase [freiz]
想一想再看
n. 短语,习语,个人风格,乐句
vt. 措词
联想记忆
negative ['negətiv]
想一想再看
adj. 否定的,负的,消极的
n. 底片,负
联想记忆
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